Were I to write a Constitution, as a founding document of a country, I’d base it on the US Constitution. It would be clearly stated that the nation would be a secular nation, founded on no one religious doctrine and having no recourse for any religious doctrine to subvert it at a later time.
The rights of the citizenry would be as follows:
~Free speech (with a clear definition of what is free speech and what is hate speech)
~Freedom to assemble (including labor unions)
~Freedom to petition the government for a redress of grievances
~Firearm ownership (within limits)
~Freedom of and from religion
~Right to Privacy
~Freedom to refuse to house soldiers
~Protections from self-incrimination and the right to a jury of their peers
~Citizenship is guaranteed if born in the country (or its protectorates)
~Freedom to marry for everyone (M/F, M/M, F/F)
~Freedom of self-expression
~Freedom of self-identification (so long as any changes in id are recorded with the government for tax purposes)
The responsibilities as laid down in the Constitution for every citizen would be:
~Obey all laws
~Defend the country, if attacked (military service would be on a volunteer basis)
~Respect the rights of others
Other “features” of my country:
~Corporations are not people
~No tax exemptions for religious organizations
~Heavy regulation of business to avoid predatory lending and to protect consumers; corporations would operate within the law or their business licenses would be revoked and they would be shut down
~Three parts of government: Legislative (made up of an elected Congress (Senate and House of Representatives), Executive (a President and Vice President, Cabinet, Advisors), Judicial (headed by a Supreme Court). All three branches would check each other and no one branch, be it Legislative, Executive, or Judicial would have more power than any other branch. Proposed laws (in Bill form) are checked through the Senate, the House, and must pass Judicial review to make sure they are constitutional before they are sent to the President for signing or veto. Veto powers would be similar to the US. Any rejection at any point sends the Bill back to Congress for a rewrite. It can be sent back as many times as needed for rewrites before the President sees it.
~President and Vice President serves for four years and can be reelected once for a second four-year term. Senate and House members serve for six years and can be reelected twice for a total of 18 years. Supreme Court Judges are elected for 20 years and can be reelected once for a total of 40 years.
~Establish a Federal minimum wage
~No one is turned away who needs medical attention or legal representation, regardless of the ability to pay.
~The patient and the Doctors involved make all medical decisions, (including abortions), not insurance companies and not the government.
~Everyone gets a college level education, regardless of ability to pay. Higher education (Masters and Doctorates) are paid for by the citizen who wishes to get one.
~Science, not religion, will be the cornerstone of the educational system. Schools will teach a secular education, leaving religious training, if any, to the parents.
I’m sure I can think of a few other things, but this is good, for now.